Accidents happen when you least expect it. Unfortunately, burns are among the most common types of accidents in the country. In fact, according to the American Burn Association, an estimated 60% of the acute hospitalization in the country has been associated with burn incidence. A majority of burn accidents happened at homes (73%), while the remaining occurred at workplaces, public roads, recreational centers and others.
Fires are the primary cause of burn injuries. But Houston personal injury lawyers would probably point out that there are many other sources of burn hazards apart from fires, namely heat, cold temperature, radiation, friction (such as road rash during a car accident), electrical, and chemical. Depending on its severity, burn injury may manifest with these symptoms:
First degree burn
First degree burn is a minor burn injury on the outermost surface of the skin, called the epidermis. Signs of first degree burn include minor swelling, redness, pain, and dry skin. First degree burns are manageable at home, and heal between three and six days. You just have to run the wound in cool, running water, take ibuprofen to relieve pain, and apply aloe vera ointment to deal with inflammation. However, when first degree burn involves larger portions of skin, visiting your doctor would be necessary.
Second degree burn
Second degree burn involves damage to several layers of the skin, including the dermis. Second degree burns look red, inflamed, and may sometimes have blisters. Second degree burns take longer time to heal than first degree burn, which usually lasts for more than three weeks. When you have a second degree burn, run the wound in cool running water for more than 15 minutes and take pain reliever. You may also apply antibiotic cream to blisters to avoid contamination. For widespread burns, seek emergency help immediately.
Third degree burn
Third degree burn is considered serious and life-threatening. It involves damage to the entire layers of the skin (epidermis, dermis, and subcutaneous tissues). Infection caused by a third-degree burn may reach the bloodstream and affect other vital organs or cause septicemia. A person suffering from this type of burn may feel no pain because the nerves in the affected area have already been destroyed. Third-degree burn injuries are considered a medical emergency that requires immediate medical attention.